关注微信领¥50

百门课程¥0元


50万+已关注

GRE阅读模拟在线练习附答案一百五十二

2018-11-08 16:44:00来源:网络

  对于GRE阅读部分,最好的练习资料就是模拟资料。通过模拟练习,可以让大家更好地发现自己在备考中的不足,重点攻克自己的短板内容,有效的提升阅读分数。下面新东方在线GRE频道为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考。

点击查看》》》【GRE阅读真题在线练习附答案汇总】

  In the early 1950's, historians who studied preindustrial Europe (which we may define here as Europe in the period from roughly 1300 to 1800) began, for the first time in large numbers, to investigate more of the preindustrial European population than the 2 or 3 percent who comprised the political and social elite: the kings, generals, judges, nobles, bishops, and local magnates who had hitherto usually filled history books. One difficulty, however, was that few of the remaining 97 percent recorded their thoughts or had them chronicled by contemporaries. Faced with this situation, many historians based their investigations on the only records that seemed to exist: birth, marriage, and death records. As a result, much of the early work on the nonelite was aridly statistical in nature; reducing the vast majority of the population to a set of numbers was hardly more enlightening than ignoring them altogether. Historians still did not know what these people thought or felt.

  One way out of this dilemma was to turn to the records of legal courts, for here the voices of the nonelite can most often be heard, as witnesses, plaintiffs, and defendants. These documents have acted as "a point of entry into the mental world of the poor." Historians such as Le Roy Ladurie have used the documents to extract case histories, which have illuminated the attitudes of different social groups (these attitudes include, but are not confined to, attitudes toward crime and the law) and have revealed how the authorities administered justice. It has   been societies that have had a developed police system and practiced Roman law, with its written depositions, whose court records have yielded the most data to historians. In Anglo-Saxon countries hardly any of these benefits obtain, but it has still been possible to glean   information from the study of legal documents.

  The extraction of case histories is not, however, the only use to which court records may be put. Historians who study preindustrial Europe have used the records to establish a series of categories of crime and to quantify   indictments that were issued over a given number of years. This use of the records does yield some information about the nonelite, but this information gives us little insight into the mental lives of the nonelite. We also know that the number of indictments in preindustrial Europe bears little relation to the number of actual criminal acts, and we strongly suspect that the relationship has varied widely over time. In addition, aggregate population estimates are very shaky, which makes it difficult for historians to compare rates of crime per thousand in one decade of the preindustrial period with rates in another decade. Given these inadequacies, it is clear why the case history use of court records is to be preferred.

  The author suggests that, before the early 1950's, most historians who studied preindustrial Europe did which of the following?

  A.Failed to make distinctions among members of the preindustrial European political and social elite.

  B.Used investigatory methods that were almost exclusively statistical in nature.

  C.Inaccurately estimated the influence of the preindustrial European political and social elite.

  D.Confined their work to a narrow range of the preindustrial European population.

  E.Tended to rely heavily on birth, marriage, and death records.

  According to the passage, the case histories extracted by historians have

  A.scarcely illuminated the attitudes of the political and social elite

  B.indicated the manner in which those in power apportioned justice

  C.focused almost entirely on the thoughts and feelings of different social groups toward crime and the law

  D.been considered the first kind of historical writing that utilized the records of legal courts

  E.been based for the most part on the trial testimony of police and other legal authorities

  It can be inferred from the passage that much of the early work by historians on the European nonelite of the preindustrial period might have been more illuminating if these historians had

  A.used different methods of statistical analysis to investigate the nonelite

  B.been more successful in identifying the attitudes of civil authorities, especially those who administered justice, toward the nonelite

  C.been able to draw on more accounts, written by contemporaries of the nonelite, that described what this nonelite thought

  D.relied more heavily on the personal records left by members of the European political and social elite who lived during the period in question

  E.been more willing to base their research on the birth, marriage, and death records of the nonelite

  The author mentions Le Roy Ladurie (line 36) in order to

  A.give an example of a historian who has made one kind of use of court records

  B.cite a historian who has based case histories on the birth, marriage, and death records of the nonelite

  C.identify the author of the quotation cited in the previous sentence

  D.gain authoritative support for the view that the case history approach is the most fruitful approach to court records

  E.point out the first historian to realize the value of court records in illuminating the beliefs and values of the nonelite

  According to the passage, which of the following is true of indictments for crime in Europe in the preindustrial period?

  A.They have, in terms of their numbers, remained relatively constant over time.

  B.They give the historian important information about the mental lives of those indicted.

  C.They are not a particularly accurate indication of the extent of actual criminal activity.

  D.Their importance to historians of the nonelite has been generally overestimated.

  E.Their problematic relationship to actual crime has not been acknowledged by most historians.

  It can be inferred from the passage that a historian who wished to compare crime rates per thousand in a European city in one decade of the fifteenth century with crime rates in another decade of that center would probably be most aided by better information about which of the following?

  A.The causes of unrest in the city during the two decades

  B.The aggregate number of indictments in the city nearest to the city under investigation during the two decades

  C.The number of people who lived in the city during each of the decades under investigation

  D.The mental attitudes of criminals in the city, including their feelings about authority, during each of the decades under investigation

  E.The possibilities for a member of the city's nonelite to become a member of the political and social elite during the two decades

  The passage would be most likely to appear as part of

  A.a book review summarizing the achievements of historians of the European aristocracy

  B.an essay describing trends in the practice of writing history

  C.a textbook on the application of statistical methods in the social sciences

  D.a report to the historical profession on the work of early-twentieth-century historians

  E.an article urging the adoption of historical methods by the legal profession

  正确答案:D B C A C C B

  以上就是关于“GRE阅读模拟在线练习附答案一百五十二”的内容,更多精彩内容,请关注GRE频道!


本文关键字: GRE阅读练习 GRE阅读 GRE

更多>>
  • GRE阅读模拟在线练习附答案一百五十一

      对于GRE阅读部分,最好的练习资料就是模拟资料。通过模拟练习,可以让大家更好地发现自己在备考中的不足,重点攻克自己的短板内容,有

    来源 : 网络 2018-11-07 16:44:37 关键字 : GRE阅读练习 GRE阅读 GRE

  • GRE阅读假设题常见词汇

      为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE阅读假设题常见词汇,希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在

    来源 : 网络 2018-11-05 16:20:00 关键字 : GRE阅读词汇 GRE阅读 GRE

  • GRE阅读中的逻辑假设题

      对于GRE阅读考试中的题型,大家一方面要掌握题型的特点,一方面要掌握解题的技巧,这样能够辅助我们更好地来解答相关的题型内容。今天

    来源 : 网络 2018-11-03 16:20:49 关键字 : GRE阅读 GRE

  • GRE语文掌握三点拿高分

      对于GRE语文部分,很多同学在复习的过程中,也是存在很大的疑问的。具体的我们应该如何备考,怎么复习,才能更好地提升我们的分数呢?新

    来源 : 新东方 2018-10-31 15:59:03 关键字 : GRE语文 GRE

  • GRE阅读考场答题规则

      为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE阅读考场答题规则,希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线

    来源 : 网络 2018-10-30 10:11:00 关键字 : GRE阅读规则 GRE阅读 GRE

  • GRE阅读怎么提高分数

      为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE阅读怎么提高分数,希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线

    来源 : 网络 2018-10-29 10:11:00 关键字 : GRE阅读分数 GRE阅读 GRE

  • GRE阅读倒装句解析

      为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE阅读倒装句解析,希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线GR

    来源 : 网络 2018-10-26 10:11:00 关键字 : GRE阅读 GRE

  • GRE阅读解题思路整理

      为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE阅读解题思路整理,希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线

    来源 : 网络 2018-10-25 10:11:00 关键字 : GRE阅读解题 GRE阅读 GRE

  • GRE阅读常见问题以及备考重点

      为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE阅读常见问题以及备考重点,希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新

    来源 : 网络 2018-10-24 10:11:19 关键字 : GRE阅读 GRE

  • GRE阅读考试如何提高阅读速度

      为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE阅读考试如何提高阅读速度,希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新

    来源 : 网络 2018-10-17 16:16:50 关键字 : GRE阅读速度 GRE阅读 GRE

更多内容
更多>>

GRE词汇营第二季

GRE高频词汇GRE填空必背

5天搞定800组GRE近/反义词

价格 : ¥19.9

30人 已报名

查看详情
更多>>
更多公开课>>
更多>>
更多课程>>