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GRE写作素材:政治类

2018-06-25 16:59:00 来源:网络GRE资料下载

  大家在复习备考GRE写作的过程中,也需要不断的积累各种写作素材。针对不同的写作题目类型,大家需要掌握的素材也不同。因此新东方在线GRE频道为大家分类整理了这些素材,方便大家来备考。

点击查看》》》【GRE写作素材分类汇总】

  政治类

   政治目的 

  A politician’s job is to build, maintain, and expand the wealth, prosperity and political influence of his nation; district, county, state or what have you.(政治的用途)   

  道德与政治的共同点和区别 

  Both morality and politics serve to regulate or direct human behavior. They differ, however, in the strength of their regulation and demand different, though related, personal qualities.区别在于强度不同  

  As a regulator, morality is directed towards the other: it concerns interpersonal relations and interrelations between the person and group.(道德的特性人与人之间,人与团体之间)  

  Politics regulates mainly relations between the groups and the state and between the different socio-political organizations; directly or indirectly these are connected with the function of state power.(政治的特性,团体与国家之间,社会政治团体之间,通过国家权利连接)  

  The boundaries between the spheres of morality and politics are very flexible. In some periods particular relations can be regulated by moral mechanisms, which in other periods are ruled by political ones. The interaction between those mechanisms depends on the particular social contradictions and the objective possibilities of achieving class, national and state goals by acting  in order to be accepted by the masses.  

  政治家的道德 

  It may be quite sensible to look at President Clinton and his predecessors  — or for that matter, any people currently in public life — and distinguish between their public selves and their private selves, evaluating each independently. (对于公众身份和个人身份要分开考虑) 人无完人nobody is utterly good or bad. 

    The Watergate scandal (1972–1974) (or just "Watergate") was an American political scandal and constitutional crisis that led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon水门事件 

     Yet even a cursory review of the private lives of past Presidents reveals substantial evidence that Franklin Roosevelt, Dwight Eisenhower, Lyndon Johnson and John Kennedy had extramarital affairs. Thomas Jefferson, many believe, fathered children by one of his slaves. And Grover Cleveland confessed to having an illegitimate child.政治丑闻  

  隐私很重要,名人也要保护自己的隐私 

  Privacy, after all, is vital to our essence. It comes with our humanity that we are entitled to a region where we can freely think, speak, and behave with confidence that we are, for that instant, on our own.  

  政治家是否需要morality 

  A politician’s job is to build, maintain, and expand the wealth, prosperity and political influence of his nation, district, county, state or what have you. (政治的目标) This is his or her primary concern. Many more times than you and I would like to think, realizing those goals require them to make choices that are outside the bounds of morality. 

  Moral leaders think in terms of a ideal approach to ethics and morals while the political leader thinks in terms of consequences or a utilitarian approaches to ethics and morality.  

  道德的好处 

  values as a source of competitive advantage; values that underpin corporate reputation and reinforce risk management; values that are part of the intangible assets of the business  

  伦理和社会责任的关系 

  What ethical conduct and socially responsible behavior have in common is they both start from values and, when applied effectively, both enhance the company's reputation and so contribute to performance and shareholder value.  

  企业文化的重要性 

  Company leaders are responsible for reputation management. They need to be inspiring role 

  models of values-based leadership.(leader要作为道德榜样) such leadership is more likely to result in employees giving the company their loyalty and superior performance. (让员工更加忠诚,以企业为荣)Employees want to feel proud of the company they work for as well as comfortable with its culture and values.  

  Increasingly, in knowledge based industries, the distinctive competitive factor will be the ability to attract and retain the most talented people. (企业文化也是吸引和留住人才的因素)There is a need to establish an organization culture (values, beliefs, behavior) which gives each employee the opportunity to obtain personal fulfillment.(让员工自我实现)  

  The requirement for CEOs therefore is to establish a corporate culture which encourages responsible behavior while releasing the creative potential of the workforce. 

  In every business, including small businesses, a focus on traditional ethical values will not only provide some stability and consistency, in the face of a world of accelerating change, but will also enable those businesses to command greater trust from their stakeholders and to become more successful. (好的企业文化能保证企业稳定,一致。更让人尊敬) 

  A business that doesn't invest in building trust will, over time, be rejected by the markets, by investors, by its customers and above all by its own people - its employees

  以上就是关于“GRE写作素材:政治类”的内容,更多精彩内容,请关注GRE频道!


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