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GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道(四十三)

2018-05-06 14:44:00来源:网络

  提高写作水平,除了大量的写作练习之外,同学们也需要慢下来,多了解一些写作的思路,这样有利于拓展大家的写作方向,更好地完成GRE写作考试。新东方在线托福网为大家整理了GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道,供大家练习使用。

点击查看》》》【GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道汇总】

  想象作品

  ------------------------------

  63. "To truly understand your own culture--no matter how you define it--requires personal knowledge of at least one other culture, one that is distinctly different from your own."

  为了真正理解你自己的文化----无论你如何地定义它----都至少需要了解另外一种文化,并且该文化与你自己的文化是截然不同的。

  Agree

  1. Staying within one culture makes one take for granted everything that the culture provides.

  2. Knowledge of another different culture provides one with an opportunity to compare alternative ways of life and make choices.

  3. In an age of globalization, one should learn to tolerate cultural differences.

  旁观者清

  ------------------------------

  147. "Tradition and modernization are incompatible. One must choose between them."

  传统和现代化是水火不容的。人们必须二者选一。

  I agree that in certain cases the two are mutually exclusive. For the most part, however, modernization does not reject tradition; in fact, in many cases the former can and does embrace the latter.

  A. In the first place, oftentimes so-called “modernization” is actually an extension or new iteration of tradition, or a variation on it. This is especially true in language and in law.

  B. In other areas modernization departs from tradition in some respects, while embracing it in others.

  C. Admittedly, in certain instances, tradition must yield entirely to the utilitarian needs of modern life. This is true especially when it comes to architectural artifacts.

  ------------------------------

  172. "Important truths begin as outrageous, or at least uncomfortable, attacks upon the accepted wisdom of the time."

  重要的真理一开始都是令人难以容忍的,或者至少是令人不快的,而且都是在反对当时的权威思想。

  It is customary fate of new truth to begin as heresies.

  1. Copernicus’ heliocentric theory in the 16th century was a direct attack upon the accepted wisdom of the time, a geocentric view of the universe postulated by Aristotle and Ptolemy.

  2. When Darwin first declared that the wide variety of animal species was due to a process of development over many millennia, he challenged the traditional Christian belief and outraged the religious fundamentalists.

  3. In former socialist countries, it took a long and painful time for people to give up the old idea of state-owned economy and to accept the idea of market economy.

  ------------------------------

  173. "Originality does not mean thinking something that was never thought before; it means putting old ideas together in new ways."

  1. The notion that so-called “originality” is actually variation or synthesis of existing ideas finds its greatest support in linguistics and in law.

  2. Even in the arts—where one might think that true originality must surely reside—so called “new” ideas almost always embrace, apply, or synthesize what came earlier.

  3. When it comes to the natural sciences, however, some new ideas are truly original while others put established ideas together in new ways.

  4. However, in other instances great advances in science are made by putting together current theories or other ideas in new ways.

  创新并不意味着一定要想一些人们从未想过的东西;它意味着用新方法来重组老观点。

  新旧问题

  ------------------------------

  176. "The function of science is to reassure; the purpose of art is to upset. Therein lies the value of each."

  科学的作用是解惑;艺术的目的是创新。只有这样他们才各得其所。

  Disagree:

  1. In many cases artists set about to reassure, not to upset.

  2. In other cases, artists set about to upset.

  3. The final objective of science, in my view, is to discover truths about our world, our universe and ourselves. Sometimes these discoveries serve to reassure, and other times they serve to upset.

  Reassure

  upset

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