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GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道(四十一)

2018-05-04 14:44:00来源:网络

  提高写作水平,除了大量的写作练习之外,同学们也需要慢下来,多了解一些写作的思路,这样有利于拓展大家的写作方向,更好地完成GRE写作考试。新东方在线托福网为大家整理了GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道,供大家练习使用。

点击查看》》》【GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道汇总】

  政府和大众之电子政府

  ------------------------------

  123. "It is possible to identify a person's politics within a very short time of meeting him or her. Everything about people-their clothes, their friends, the way they talk, what they eat-reflects their political beliefs."

  通过和一个人短时间的接触来了解它的政治信仰是有可能的。和人们有关的一切--人们穿什么样的衣服、结交什么样的朋友、如何说话、吃什么东西--都能够反映出他们的政治信仰。

  A person’s words and behavior could directly reflect his or her political beliefs.

  1. What one wears and eats indicates the way of life he or she advocates.

  2. We can also identify a person’s ideals, qualities and values from the type of friends he or she associates with. “Birds of a feather flock together.”

  3. Of course, it is also necessary to watch a person’s deeds if we want to know for sure what he or she truly believes in.

  政治是无处不在的

  ------------------------------

  167. "It is impossible for an effective political leader to tell the truth all the time. Complete honesty is not a useful virtue for a politician."

  对于一个英明的政治领导者来说,总是坦白是不可能的。彻底的诚实对于一个政治家来说是无用的美德。

  In order to evaluate this contention it is necessary to examine the nature of politics, and to distinguish between short-term and long-term effectiveness.

  1. On the one hand are three compelling arguments that political leader must sometimes be less than truthful in order to be effective in that leadership. The first argument lies in the fact that politics is a game played among politicians—and that to succeed in the game one must use the tools that are part and parcel of it.

  2. Secondly, it is crucial to distinguish between misrepresentations of fact—in other words, lies—and mere political rhetoric.

  3. Thirdly, politics is a business born not only of idealism but also of pragmatism; after all, in order to be effective a politician must gain and hold onto political power, which means winning election.

  4. On the other hand, although in the short term being less-than-truthful with the public might serve a political leader’s interest in preserving power, would-be political leaders who lack requisite integrity ultimately forfeit their leadership.

  领导者问题

  --------------

  169. "Those who treat politics and morality as though they were separate realms fail to understand either the one or the other."

  Agree:

  1. It is wrong-headed to equate moral behavior in politics with the simple notions of honesty and putting the other fellow’s needs ahead of one’s own—or other ways which we typically measure the morality of an individual’s private behavior.

  2. In order to gain the opportunity for moral leadership politicians must engage in certain compromises along the way.

  3. Successful political leadership, if it is to endure, ultimately requires a certain measure of public morality—that is serving the society with its best interests as the leader’s overriding concern.

  那些把政治和道德看成是两码事的人是既不懂政治也不懂道德的。

  政治和道德的关系

  ------------------------------

  195. "The goal of politics should not be the pursuit of an ideal, but rather the search for common ground and reasonable consensus."

  政治的目的不应该是追求一种理想,而是寻求共同点和合理的一致。

  Disagree:

  1. Reasonable consensus and a political idea need not be mutually exclusive.

  2. The speaker’s position flies in the face of human nature and the nature of politics.

  3. A third problem with the speaker’s position is that it begs the question: What are the proper ideals for politicians? They have little to do with consensus, and everything to do with justice and fairness.

  4. Finally, lacking idealism a political leader will tend to seek compromise and reasonable consensus for its own sake.

  统一和分歧之政治

  ------------------------------

  202. "Unlike great thinkers and great artists, the most effective political leaders must often yield to public opinion and abandon principle for the sake of compromise."

  不同于伟大的思想家和艺术家,最杰出的政治领袖通常都必须为了妥协而屈从于大众的意见并且放弃原则。

  For political leaders, practicality should take precedence over principles.

  1. Great thinkers and great artists do not have to appeal to the opinions of the public.

  2. However, for political leaders, winning the favor of the public is key to effective leadership.

  3. In addition, political policies are often made based on the compromise of different interest groups and the dictates of the situation.

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