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GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道(三十七)

2018-04-30 14:44:00来源:网络

  提高写作水平,除了大量的写作练习之外,同学们也需要慢下来,多了解一些写作的思路,这样有利于拓展大家的写作方向,更好地完成GRE写作考试。新东方在线托福网为大家整理了GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道,供大家练习使用。

点击查看》》》【GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道汇总】

  知识对于人类的影响

  ------------------------------

  179. "What most human beings really want to attain is not knowledge, but certainty. Gaining real knowledge requires taking risks and keeping the mind open--but most people prefer to be reassured rather than to learn the complex and often unsettling truth about anything."

  大多人真正想要得到的不是知识而是结论。获得真正的知识需要冒险和不停歇的思考----但是大多数人更愿意获得确定的答案而不是去学习复杂而不确定的真理。

  1. Only after we have gained real knowledge can we be competent for a better comprehension of the world.

  2. People’s unremitting pursuit of knowledge is not for the sake of knowledge, but largely for the sake of their settled life goals and acquiring a degree of certainty about their goals.

  独立思考

  ------------------------------

  180. "Many problems of modern society cannot be solved by laws and the legal system because moral behavior cannot be legislated."

  现代社会的很多问题是法律和立法系统无法解决的,因为道德行为是无法用法律约束的。

  I agree with this assertion insofar as it relates to constraints on certain personal freedoms. However, when it comes to the conduct of business, I think that moral behavior not only can but must be legislated for the purpose of alleviating societal problems.

  1. Morality laws that impinge upon freedom of choice about our personal lives—to control what we do with and to ourselves—simply do not work in a democratic society.

  2. Morality laws impinging on personal freedoms are not made any more useful or effective by purporting to serve the greater good of society, because on balance their costs far outweigh their benefits.

  3. In sharp contrast to personal behavior, the behavior of businesses can and must be controlled through legislation.

  道德和法律

  ------------------------------

  181. "The way students and scholars interpret the materials they work with in their academic fields is more a matter of personality than of training. Different interpretations come about when people with different personalities look at exactly the same objects, facts, data, or events and see different things."

  学生和学者们在诠释学术研究对象时使用的方法更多的是一种个性化(因人而异)而非一种培训(模式化)。不同的诠释来自于具有不同个性的人在看待相同的目标、事实、数据或者事件的时候以及他们在看待不同事情的时候。

  Disagree: The key factor in their interpretation is a person’s training and educational background, rather than personality.

  1. Assuming that by personality the speaker embraces such personal attributes as individual temperament, disposition and general mood, and outlook, it seems to me that personality has little bearing on how students and scholars interpret the materials with which they work.

  2. In sharp contrast, one’s educational background and training can serve as a strong influence on how one interprets historical events involving human affairs, statistical data, and especially art.

  3. Educational training and background also affects how students and scholars interpret seemingly objective statistical data.

  4. Finally, when it comes to how students and scholars interpret art, training and educational background play an especially significant role.

  个体和整体之学术方法论

  ------------------------------

  183. "As we acquire more knowledge, things do not become more comprehensible, but more complex and more mysterious."

  随着我们获得越来越多的知识,事情并没有变的更加透彻,相反是变的更复杂更神秘。

  As our knowledge of the world accumulates, we arrive at a higher stage of civilization although the world may appear more complex and more mysterious.

  1. The world in the eyes of primitive tribes was much simpler and thus more “comprehensible” in a sense and certainly more backward.

  2. If we compare the known part of the world to the space within a circle, the unknown part of the world around the circle grows as the circle of our knowledge expands.

  3. There is no need to feel frustrated about the increasingly more complex and more mysterious world that we confront because our knowledge in total keeps growing and correspondingly we are becoming better equipped to cope with the problems that emerge.

  ------------------------------

  200. "The most elusive knowledge is self-knowledge, and it is usually acquired through solitude, rather than through interaction with others."

  Elusive: Abstruse, hard to comprehend

  Self-knowledge: knowledge or understandings of one s own capabilities, character, feelings, or motivations

  Solitude: alone, seclusion

  最艰深难懂的学问都是自知之明的,这些学问通常都是独立发展起来的而不是通过和其他人的交流。

  Both solitude and interaction with others contributes to self-knowledge.

  1. To lead a happy life, the first thing is to know ourselves. “An unexamined life is not worth living.”

  2. One way to know ourselves is to examine ourselves alone.

  3. However, interaction with others can also help us see more clearly who we are.

  少数和多数之自知之明的学问

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