130. "How children are socialized today determines the destiny of society. Unfortunately, we have not yet learned how to raise children who can help bring about a better society."
The claim that society’s destiny hinges on how children are socialized, while appealing in some respects, is an over-statement at best. And the claim that we have not yet learned how to raise children who can better society is poorly supported by empirical evidence.
1. Unless a child is allowed sufficient opportunities for healthy interaction with peers, that child is likely to grow into an ineffectual, perhaps even an anti-social, adult.
2. However, socialization is only one factor influencing the extent to which an individual will ultimately contribute to a better society.
3. Turning to the second claim, if we define a “better” society as one characterized by greater tolerance of differing viewpoints and people who are different from ourselves, greater respect for individual rights, and greater cooperation across cultural and national boundaries, then the children of the most recent half-century are creating a better society.
132. "The university community consists of three different worlds----the sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences. Because each world operates on its own assumptions and has its own special habits of thinking, rarely is there meaningful interaction among the sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences."
1. Admittedly, the university community regards the three different academic endeavors as separate realms.
2. Actually, the three fields are intrinsically interrelated to each other.
3. Combining the relevant methods used respectively in the three fields will be of great help to our study and learning.
134. "Students should be encouraged to realize that mental agility and rhetorical skill must be accompanied by sincerity and the true conviction of their own beliefs."
1. Our belief about what we are and what can be precisely determine what we will be.
2. However, today’s education gives too much stress to mental agility and rhetorical skills, which are skin-deep compared to sincerity and true conviction of beliefs.
153. "Students should bring a certain skepticism to whatever they study. They should question what they are taught instead of accepting it passively."
1. Skepticism is perhaps most important in the physical science. Passive acceptance of prevailing principles quells innovation, invention and discovery.
2. The value of skepticism is not limited to the physical sciences, of course. (sociology, political science, law)
3. Even in the arts, students must challenge established styles and forms rather than learn to imitate them; otherwise, no genuinely new art would ever emerge.
4. Admittedly, undue skepticism might be counterproductive in educating young children.