39. "The intellectual benefits of attending a university or college are vastly overrated: most people could learn more by studying and reading on their own for four years than by pursuing a university or college degree."
1. Schools offer systematical curriculum, qualified staff, libraries, facilities and so on, which are not available to individuals who study on their own.
2. Studying with peers arouses competition and cooperation. Compulsory studies avoids laziness.
3. Qualified degrees help get a job offer more easily.
4. However, degree does not mean everything. It is just a symbol. Even if you have a college degree, you still have to work hard in order achieve career success.
50. "In order to improve the quality of instruction at the college and university level, all faculty should be required to spend time working outside the academic world in professions relevant to the courses they teach."
Working experience in relevant professions enables college and university faculty to offer practical instruction to students.
1. First, faculty who are actively engaged in their fields come to class with fresh insights and contagious excitement about the issue at hand.
2. Secondly, by keeping abreast with the changing demands of work as a professional, professors can help students who are serious about pursuing a career in that field to make more informed career decisions.
3. Thirdly, experience in the field can help a professor ferret out cutting-edge and controversial issues—which might be appropriate subjects for research and publication.
4. However, the teachers in some disciplines such as mathematics, literature, history, philosophy, etc., may find it difficult to combine their teaching with relevant professional fields.
51. "Education will be truly effective only when it is specifically designed to meet the individual needs and interests of each student."
Student-oriented education is the most effective way to help students learn.
1. The traditional teacher-oriented education often neglects the individual needs and interests of each student, which proves counterproductive.
2. Student-oriented education can most effectively involve individual students in the learning process.
3. Nonetheless, winking at students’ unreasonable desires would only result in chaos in education.
52. "Education encourages students to question and criticize, and therefore does little to promote social harmony."
Encouraging students to question and criticize does not necessarily harm social harmony.
1. Social harmony hinges on mutual understanding among members of the society, which is achieved through active communication rather than passive conformity.
2. The ability to challenge existing authorities and paradigms requires intensive training through education.
3. Encouraging students to question and criticize helps students not only to learn more productively but also become qualified citizens that will be able to actively participate in social affairs.