226. "People are mistaken when they assume that the problems they confront are more complex and challenging than the problems faced by their predecessors. This illusion is eventually dispelled with increased knowledge and experience."
1. The speaker overlooks certain societal problems unique to today’s world, which are complex and challenging in ways unlike any problems that earlier societies ever faced.
2. However, humans face certain universal and timeless problems, which are neither more nor less complex and challenging for any generation than for preceding ones.
231. " 'Moderation in all things' is ill-considered advice. Rather, one should say, 'Moderation in most things,' since many areas of human concern require or at least profit from intense focus."
1. The virtues of moderation are undeniable. Moderation in all things affords us the time and energy to sample more of what life and world have to offer. In contrast, lack of moderation leads to a life out of balance.
2. Having acknowledged the wisdom of the old adage, I nevertheless agree that under some circumstances, and for some people, abandoning moderation might be well justified.
234. "Most people prefer restrictions and regulations to absolute freedom of choice, although they would probably deny such a preference."
1. History informs us that attempts to quell basic individuals freedoms—of expression, of opinion and belief, and to come and go as we please—invariably fail; however, reasonable constraints on freedom are needed to protect freedom—and to prevent a society from devolving into a state of anarchy where life is short and brutish.
2. Our preference for constraining our own freedom of choice is evident on societal level as well as on individual level.
235. "Most people are taught that loyalty is a virtue. But loyalty--whether to one's friends, to one's school or place of employment, or to any institution--is all too often a destructive rather than a positive force."
1. First consider the ways in which loyalty, if exercised in proper measure and direction, can be a positive force.
2. On the other hand, if misguided or overextended loyalty can amount to divisive and destructive force.
all too often时常
236. "Encouraging young people to believe that they can accomplish great things if they try hard enough is both misleading and potentially harmful."
Encouraging young people to believe that they can accomplish great things does more good than harm to them.
1. No one knows much he or she can achieve before trying.
2. Encouraging young people to believe that they can accomplish great things gives them confidence, which helps to bring out their potential.
3. Some of them may finally get frustrated because not every one can accomplish great things; however, every one will make progress through doing their best.