192. "Success in any realm of life comes more often from taking chances or risks than from careful and cautious planning."
Careful and cautious planning is just as important as taking chances or risks.
1. Whatever goal we intend to accomplish, the first thing to do is planning.
2. Chance favors only the prepared minds.
3. Taking risks without any planning is nothing but rashness.
194. "The best preparation for life or a career is not learning to be competitive, but learning to be cooperative."
1. Cooperation benefits every member of the team.
2. Every field of life requires people who are ready to cooperate with others.
3. Only through cooperation can we accomplish great tasks.
4. What is most needed today might be learning to compete in the spirit of cooperation.
199. "Truly innovative ideas do not arise from groups of people, but from individuals. When groups try to be creative, the members force each other to compromise and, as a result, creative ideas tend to be weakened and made more conventional. Most original ideas arise from individuals working alone."
Original ideas may arise from individuals working alone as well as from groups of people working together.
1. It is true that individual thinkers or scientists working alone formulated many original ideas in history.
2. However, one should see that those great individuals actually benefited a lot from the work either of his contemporaries or of the people before their time.
3. While members of a group might force each other to compromise, it is also true that they may inspire and enlighten each other.
206. "People are too quick to take action; instead they should stop to think of the possible consequences of what they might do."
It is always wise to think twice before you act.
1. More haste, less speed.
2. It might not be too difficult to persuade people to consider the possible impacts of their actions on themselves.
3. People should also think of the impacts of their actions on other people.
208. "The way people look, dress, and act reveals their attitudes and interests. You can tell much about a society's ideas and values by observing the appearance and behavior of its people."
1. Turning first to the way people look and dress, certain aspects of the outward appearance of a culture’s people do inform us of their ideas, attitudes and values.
2. The habits, rituals and lifestyles of a culture often do provide accurate signals about its values.
3. Finally, the statement overlooks a crucial distinction between free societies and oppressed ones.
209. "Progress is best made through discussion among people who have contrasting points of view."
In all realms of human endeavor, including the behavior and natural sciences as well as government and law, debate and disagreement form the foundation for progress.
1. Regarding the physical sciences, our scientific method is essentially a call for progress through opposition.
2. The nature-nurture debate will continue to serve as a catalyst for progress across the entire social spectrum.
3. History informs us of the chilling effect suppression of free discourse and debate can have on progress.