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GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道(十三)

2018-04-15 15:34:00来源:网络

  为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道(十三),希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线GRE频道!

点击查看》》》【GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道汇总】

  148. "Many people admire idealism, but it usually leads to disappointment or trouble."

  很多人向往理想主义,但是它实际上总是带来失望或者麻烦。

  Idealism does more harm than good to society as well as individuals.

  1. An idealist is one who, on noticing that a rose smells better a cabbage, concludes that it will also make better soup.

  2. Political idealism such as communism brought catastrophes to former socialist countries.

  3. Individually, idealism, if it were not balanced by pragmatism, would lead to personal failure.

  4. Guided by practical plans, however, idealism can lead to hope and enthusiasm.

  理想和现实

  idealism: The act or practice of envisioning things in an ideal form.

  理想主义用理想的观点看待事物的行为或实践行为

  ------------------------------

  156. "Choice is an illusion. In reality, our lives are controlled by the society in which we live."

  选择只是一种假象。实际上,我们的生活是被我们生活其中的社会所控制的。

  1. Choice is a highly practical thing that everyone is confronted with all the time.

  2. However, not every one can tackle choice properly with much easiness.

  3. Society is also influenced and controlled by our way of living.

  类似于现有环境后有意识

  ------------------------------

  157. "There is no such thing as purely objective observation. All observation is subjective; it is always guided by the observer's expectations or desires."

  纯粹客观的观察是不存在的。所有的观察都是主观的;观察总是被观察者的预期或者喜好所左右的。

  A. It would be tempting to afford the speaker’s claim greater merit than it deserves. After all, our everyday experience as humans informs us that we often disagree about what we observe around us.

  B. However, these sorts of subjective “observations” are actually subjective “interpretations” of what we observe.

  主观和客观之观察

  ------------------------------

  162. "One often hears about the need for individuals to take responsibility for their own lives. However, the conditions in which people find themselves have been largely established long before people become aware of them. Thus, the concept of personal responsibility is much more complicated and unrealistic than is often assumed."

  人们经常听说个人需要为他们自己的生活负责任。然而,人们发现自己所处环境的存在要远远早于人们对其的认识。因此,个人责任的概念要比通常人们想象的要复杂和不切实际。

  The statement can help us understand better the concept of personal responsibility.

  1. We all live in conditions that have been largely established by others.

  2. The environment in which we act, often uncontrollable, exerts unforeseeable influence on our behavior.

  3. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account the objective conditions when we require a person to assume responsibility.

  ------------------------------

  163. "Most people live, whether physically or morally, in a very restricted circle. They make use of a very limited portion of the resources available to them until they face a great problem or crisis."

  大多数人在物质上和精神上都生活在一个非常有限的圈子里面。除非要面对严重的问题或者危机,否则他们仅仅会利用有效资源的极有限的一小部分。

  Agree

  1. Many people are confined by the physical deficiencies or moral regulations in their way of living. They have to obey them to procure their reputation, fame, success, and so on.

  2. However, when confronted with crisis and the like, people will use resources of others or of the community or even the whole society.

  ------------------------------

  165. "In any given field, the leading voices come from people who are motivated not by conviction but by the desire to present opinions and ideas that differ from those held by the majority."

  在任何领域当中,领导作用总是来自于这些人,他们并不为传统的观念所动,而是极力渴望表达那些和主流思想不同的观点和想法。

  1. When it comes to political power, I would admit that a deep-seated psychological need to be noticed or to be different sometimes lies at the heart of a person’s drive to political power and fame.

  2. Nevertheless, for every leading political voice driven to new ideas by a desire to be noticed or to be different, on can cite many other political leaders clearly driven instead by the courage of their convictions.

  3. Turning to the arts, creative urges are born not of ego but rather of some intensely personal commitment to an aesthetic ideal.

  4. As for the physical sciences, innovation and progress can only result from challenging conventional theories—that is, the status quo.

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