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GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道(五)

2018-04-12 15:37:00来源:网络

  为了帮助大家高效备考GRE,新东方在线GRE频道为大家带来GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道(五),希望对大家GRE备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线GRE频道!

点击查看》》》【GRE写作Issue题目分析与提纲224道汇总】

  120. "So much is new and complex today that looking back for an understanding of the past provides little guidance for living in the present."

  现代社会是如此的崭新和复杂以至于回首了解过去对于当代生活已经没有太大帮助了。

  Even though history offers few foolproof panaceas for living today, the author’s claim that today’s world is so unique that the past is irrelevant is too radical.

  1. Admittedly, history has helped us learn the appropriateness of addressing certain social issues, particularly moral ones, on a societal level.

  2. However, the only firm lesson from history about social ills is that they are here to stay.

  现在和过去

  ------------------------------

  126. "Society's external rewards are no measure of true success. True success can be measured only in relation to the goals one sets for oneself."

  社会给予的客观奖励并不能衡量真正的成功。真正的成功只能是取决于一个人为他自己设定的目标。

  Success should be gauged on a personal base.

  1. Society’s external rewards can only be regarded as society’s recognition of one’s contribution to society.

  2. For an individual person, a correct attitude is to gauge success in relation to the goals one sets for oneself.

  3. Overemphasizing the social criterion of success tends to belittle the worth of an individual.

  客观和主观

  ------------------------------

  133. "The problems of modern society have led many people to complain: 'We live in terrible times.' Yet, given the choice, no one today would prefer to live in any other time."

  现代社会的问题是很多人都在抱怨:“我们生活在一个可怕的时代。”但是假设让他们选择的话,现在的人们仍然会选择现在而不是其他的时代。

  We live in the best time of history.

  1. Firstly, our living conditions today are superior to those of any past generations.

  2. Secondly, technologies have made it possible for men to work under much more comfortable working conditions today than before.

  3. Most of the problems troubling us today have been troubling human beings for a long time.

  时间

  ------------------------------

  140. "What society has thought to be its greatest social, political, and individual achievements have often resulted in the greatest discontent."

  被社会自诩为是它最伟大的社会、政治和个人成就的东西结果往往带来最大的非议。

  Agree with concession:

  1. With respect to individual achievements, great achievers are by nature ambitious people and therefore tend to be dissatisfied and discontent with their accomplishments—no matter how great.

  2. Individual achievements can often result in discontent on a societal level.

  3. Turning from individual achievements to societal, including political, achievements, the extent to which great achievement have caused discontent often depends on one’s perspective.

  社会和人民大众

  ------------------------------

  142. "The well-being of a society is enhanced when many of its people question authority."

  当很多人都质疑权威的时候社会就会繁荣昌盛。

  Agree with concession:

  1. Admittedly, when many people question authority, some societal harm might result, even if a social cause is worthy.

  2. While violence is rarely justifiable as a means of questioning authority, peaceful challenges to political and legal authority, by many people, are not only justifiable but actually necessary when it comes to enhancing and even preserving society’s well-being.

  3. Questioning authority is also essential for advances in the sciences.

  4. Similarly, in the arts, people must challenge established styles and forms rather than imitate them; otherwise, no genuinely new art would ever emerge, and society would be worse off.

  ------------------------------

  149. "The most practical and effective way to protect wilderness areas is to attract more tourists to these areas through environmentally sensitive projects."

  保护野生环境最实际和最有效的途径就是通过环保的(旅游)项目吸引更多的旅游者来这些地区(旅游)。

  Disagree

  1. Tourists swarming to visit the environmentally sensitive projects may pose a serious threat to the wildness areas.

  2. The most practical and effective way to protect wilderness areas is to leave those places to take care of themselves.

  环保和旅游的关系

  ------------------------------

  152. "The only responsibility of corporate executives, provided they stay within the law, is to make as much money as possible for their companies."

  公司的经营者们唯一的责任就是在法律规定范围之内为他们的公司赚尽可能多的钱。

  In several respects this position has considerable merit; yet it ignores certain compelling arguments for imposing on businesses additional obligations to the society in which they operate.

  1. On the one hand are convincing arguments that profit maximization within the bounds of the law should be a business executive’s sole responsibility. First, imposing on businesses additional duties to society in which they operate can, paradoxically, harm that society.

  2. Secondly, by affirming that profit maximization within legal bounds is the most ethical behavior possible for business, more private enterprises and individuals will be encouraged enter the marketplace in the quest of profits.

  3. On the other hand are compelling arguments for holding business executives to certain responsibilities in addition to profit maximization and to compliance with the letter of law.

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