19. "If a society is to thrive, it must put its own overall success before the well-being of its individual citizens."
1. The society is made up of individual citizens; therefore, the development of individual citizens is crucial for the development of the whole society.
2. A society that ignores the well being of individual citizens is bound to end up in social turmoil or revolution.
20. "National governments should devote more of their social programs and services to children than to adults."
1. No one would deny the fact that it is in the young generation that lies the future of our society.
2. Therefore, we should attach enough importance to the development of children.
3. However, this does not mean that we can ignore the interests of adults, who make up the major work force of our society.
22. "Many people believe that a few individuals or small groups (family, friends, teachers, celebrities, for example) have caused them to think and behave in the way they do. Yet it is always society as a whole that defines us and our attitudes, not a few individuals."
1. Individuals and small groups also change our attitudes and minds to a large extent.
2. Everyone influencing us is also influenced the society.
3. Internet is playing an ever more significant role in influencing people’s attitude and values.
23. "Contemporary technology makes available many small pieces of factual information. As a result, people have become so preoccupied with bits of fragmented information that they pay too little attention to the larger issues and overall perspectives."
1. Access to great deal of information help people get a wider view of an issue, thus help them prevent being limited in thoughts.
2. Technology helps us pay more attention to the larger issues and overall perspectives.
3. To prevent preoccupation by fragmented information, people should hold right view on information, not to assimilate all, but to percolate relevant ones from those needing only a glance.
29. "Public figures such as actors, politicians, and athletes should expect people to be interested in their private lives. When they seek a public role, they should expect that they will lose at least some of their privacy."
1. Intense media attention to the lives of public figures raises a presumption in the collective mind of the viewing or reading public that our public figures’ lives are far more interesting than our own.
2. The media consist of large corporations whose chief objective is to maximize shareholder profit. In pursuit of that objective, the media are simply giving the public what they demand—a voyeuristic look into the private lives of public figures.
3. Nevertheless, the statement should be qualified in that a political figure has reason to expect privacy than other public figures.
33. "Creating an appealing image has become more important in contemporary society than is the reality or truth behind that image."
I agree that image has become a more central concern, at least where short-term business or political success is at stake. Nevertheless, I think that in the longer term image ultimately yields to substance and fact.
1. The important role of image is particularly evident in the business world.
2. The growing significance of image is also evident in the political realm, particularly when it comes to presidential politics.
3. In the long terms, however, the significance of image wanes considerably.
36. "The greatness of individuals can be decided only by those who live after them, not by their contemporaries."
1. We do not require a rear-view mirror to recognize artistic greatness— whether in music, visual arts, or literature. The reason for this is simple: art can be judged at face value.
2. In contrast, in the sciences it is difficult to identify greatness without the benefit of historical perspective.
3. In the realm of business, in some cases great achievement is recognizable immediately, while in other cases it is not.
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