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GRE阅读题目解析:唯科学主义论

2017-05-15 09:10:00 来源:新东方在线整理GRE资料下载

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  GRE阅读题目解析:唯科学主义论

  P5

  If people are regarded only as machines guided by logic, as they were by some "scientistic" thinkers, rhetoric is likely to be held in low regard; for the most obvious truth about rhetoric is that it speaks to the whole person. It presents its arguments first to the person as a rational being. Logical argument is the plot, as it were, of any speech or essay that is respectfully intended to persuade people. Yet it is a characterizing feature of rhetoric that it goes beyond this and appeals to the parts of our nature that are involved in feeling, desiring, acting, and suffering. It recalls relevant instances of the emotional reactions of people to circumstances-real or fictional-that are similar to our own circumstances.

  9. The passage suggests that the disparagement of rhetoric by some people can be traced to their

  (A) reaction against science

  (B) lack of training in logic

  (C) desire to persuade people as completely as possible

  (D) misunderstanding of the use of the term "scientistic"

  (E) view of human motivation

  For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply

  10. Which of the following states the author's main point about logical argument?

  □A It is a sterile, abstract discipline, of little use in real life.

  □B It is an essential element of persuasive discourse, but only one such element.

  □C It is essential to persuasive discourse because it deals with universal truths.

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