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GRE阅读题目解析:小说《呼啸山庄》

2017-03-30 08:39:00 来源:新东方在线整理GRE资料下载

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  GRE阅读题目解析:小说《呼啸山庄》

  P1

  Many critics of Eamily Bronte‘s novel Wuthering Heights see its second part as a counterpoint that comments on, if it does not reverse, the first part, where a “romantic” reading receives more confirmation. Seeing the two parts as a whole is encouraged by the novel‘s sophisticated structure, revealed in its complex use of narrators and time shifts. Granted that the presence of these elements need not argue an authorial awareness of novelistic construction comparable to that of Henry James, their presence does encourage attempts to unify the novel‘s heterogeneous parts. However, any interpretation that seeks to unify all of the novel‘s diverse elements is bound to be somewhat unconvincing. This is not because such an interpretation necessarily stiffens into a thesis (although rigidity in any interpretation of this or of any novel is always a danger), but because Wuthering Heights has recalcitrant elements of undeniable power that, ultimately, resist inclusion in an all-encompassing interpretation. In this respect, Wuthering Heights shares a feature of Hamlet. (164 words)

  1. According to the passage, which of the following is a true statement about the first and second parts of Wuthering Heights?

  (A) The second part has received more attention from critics.

  (B) The second part has little relation to the first part.

  (C) The second part annuls the force of the first part.

  (D) The second part provides less substantiation for a ―romantic‖ reading.

  (E)The second part is better because it is more realistic.

  2. Which of the following inferences about Henry James‘s awareness of novelistic construction is best supported by the passage?

  (A) James, more than any other novelist, was aware of the difficulties of novelistic construction.

  (B) James was very aware of the details of novelistic construction.

  (C) James‘s awareness of novelistic construction derived from his reading of Bronte.

  (D) James‘s awareness of novelistic construction has led most commentators to see unity in his individual novels.

  (E) James‘s awareness of novelistic construction precluded him from violating the unity of his novels.

  3. The author of the passage would be most likely to agree that an interpretation of a novel should

  (A) not try to unite heterogeneous elements in the novel

  (B) not be inflexible in its treatment of the elements in the novel

  (C) not argue that the complex use of narrators or of time shifts indicates a sophisticated structure

  (D) concentrate on those recalcitrant elements of the novel that are outside the novel‘s main structure

  (E) primarily consider those elements of novelistic construction of which the author of the novel was aware

  For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply

  4. The author of the passage suggests which of the following about Hamlet?

  □A Hamlet has usually attracted critical interpretations that tend to stiffen into theses.

  □B Hamlet has elements that are not amenable to an all-encompassing critical interpretation.

  □C Hamlet is less open to an all-encompassing critical interpretation than is Wuthering Heights.

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