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GRE阅读题目解析:白蚁群和恒河猴群

2017-03-16 09:44:00 来源:网络GRE资料下载

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  GRE阅读题目解析:白蚁群和恒河猴群

  P5

  When the same parameters and quantitative theory are used to analyze both termite colonies and troops of rhesus macaques, we will have a unified science of sociobiology. I have been increasingly impressed with the functional similarities between insect and vertebrate societies and less so with the structural differences that seem, at first glance, to constitute such an immense gulf between them. Consider termites and macaques. Both form cooperative groups that occupy territories. In both kinds of society there is a well-marked division of labor. Members of both groups communicate to each other hunger, alarm, hostility, caste status or rank, and reproductive status. From the specialist‘s point of view, this comparison may at first seem facile — or worse. But it is out of such deliberate oversimplification that the beginnings of a general theory are made. (134 words)

  12. Which of the following best summarizes the author‘s main point?

  (A) Oversimplified comparisons of animal societies could diminish the likelihood of developing a unified science of sociobiology.

  (B) Understanding the ways in which animals as different as termites and rhesus macaques resemble each other requires train in both biology and sociology.

  (C) Most animals organize themselves into societies that exhibit patterns of group behavior similar to those of human societies.

  (D) Animals as different as termites and rhesus macaques follow certain similar and predictable patterns of behavior.

  (E) A study of the similarities between insect and vertebrate societies could provide the basis for a unified science of sociobiology.

  13. Select the sentence in the passage in which the author suggests that there are significant structural differences between insect and vertebrate societies.

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