"While some leaders in government, sports, industry, and other areas attribute their success to a well-developed sense of competition, a society can better prepare its young people for leadership by instilling in them a sense of cooperation."
It is universally acknowledged that a well-developed sense of competition can contribute much to leaders' success in different areas such as government, sports and industry. While, as the trend of globalization, the cooperative sense has became an increasingly important and indispensable element to success of individuals, communities or even nations. As result of that, the cultivation of both competitive and cooperative awareness is of exaggerated importance for a society aiming to better preparing its future leaders.
Unless with the sense of competition, leaders of any society can never lead his/her people to win in the competitive world. Competition is the essential driving force of each individual and thus motivation of society progress which is composed of individuals. The competitive impulse fosters the desire for excellence. It is the responsibility of social leaders to create a healthy atmosphere of competition under which the subsequent improvements will generate. This can be illustrated by transformation of Chinese market policy. Decades ago, the planned economy policy was praised by Chinese leaders. This policy in which government played a key role to run entire business of nation is featured as absolute equality and eliminates any chance for competition. Unfortunately, these government-run businesses are ineffective due to lack of competition and then result in low productive capability and poor welfare of entire population. Realizing the disadvantages of such policy and desiring to reverse the straggling situation in China and catch up with developed countries, leaders have decided to transform the old economic system killing the spirit of competition into the new one encouraging competitive awareness. Individuals and companies alike for sake of survival in competition must continue to improve their services and products, and consequently, the entire society prospers, at least economically. Owing to the vitality of competitiveness, China can experience the prosperity than ever before.
However, to lead his people to win in a competition against external competitors, a leader must have the ability to enhance cooperation among them. Competition is not always a good thing to have, which can not and does not produce win-win situation. On the contrary, through cooperation with others, all participants can benefit from it. In business field, teamwork as whole can naturally produce an overall greater productivity through the concept of "synergy" The task of a good business leader is to set a common goal and corresponding rewards by which his teammates are motivated to interact with their colleagues towards a collective efforts. Zhang ReiMing- CEO of Glanze and a very famous entrepreneur in China, who is well-known as a cheerleader in the personal interview of CCTV3 2006 has said (and I paraphrase) that "there is no special knack for me to success. What I has done just make my employees feel better about themselves and let every single person in the company must understand the essence of the business and then create an environment in which they respect and cooperate with others. Scarcely have all the people been combined together firmly, when maximum potentials of them can be extracted and our tasks can be accomplished effectively and efficiently". Just as the famous man mentioned, skills of motivating both individuals and team as a whole are a grave challenge to but, more importantly, necessary capability of an outstanding leader.