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GRE填空对立概念解析:虚构和现实

2019-01-25 11:06:20来源:新东方 王灿

  虚构和现实

  fictional(小说的)在填空题目里面,它被考察以“虚构的”这个词意,它的对立面有两种表达方式:1.non-fictional 2. documentary(纪实的)。而“虚构的”这个概念有时不会说的非常明确,或者用novel/novelist这个单词来替换,小说这种题材就是虚构的,是等价的语义替换,同样,“纪实的,现实的”这个词意会被ETS用journalist来替换。给大家整理一下这两个词意的几个表达方式:

来源:新东方 王灿

  虚构的:fictional=novel小说=novelist小说家

  现实的:non-fictional=documentary纪实的=journalist新闻记者=ethic伦理

  4.1 Although its director______ that the movie uses a documentary approach in portraying the famous sit-down strike, in practice its characters are heavily fictionalized and fall into familiar Hollywood types.

  A. asserts

  B. concedes

  C. guarantees

  D. disputes

  E. grants

  F. maintains

  此题当中有些同学找不到前后两句话的联系,就因为没有注意到documentary和fictionalized这两个单词的关系,文中说电影使用了纪录片的(documentary)手法来展现罢工,后面说实际上这些角色是严重的虚构化的(fictionalized),答案为AF。

  4.2 Leo Tolstoy wrote many works of nonfiction and professed (i)______ these explorations of ethics and religion compared with his novels and short stories. The fiction writer in him, however, was hard to(ii)______. Handi Murdd is a short novel with the breadth and power of an epic, with vivid characterization and intense storytelling that sweep the reader away. While the reader senses the moral concerns of the tale’s creator, the novel is a far cry from the (iii)______ of Tolstoy’s nonfiction.

  此题部分同学觉得第一个空格没有线索,原因就在于non-fiction的几个语义替换不是很熟悉,这里面non-fiction(非小说,也就是纪实文章)等同于第一句当中后面的ethics(伦理学)and religion(宗教)这两个单词,这样第一句大家就会得到真正的面目:Leo Tolstoy wrote non-fictions and professed (i)______ non-fictions compared with his fictions。答案为ADG。


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