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GRE写作换库最新题目整理

2018-12-04 14:25:01来源:网络

  本次写作题库更新较大:

  换库后的issue,由之前的152题变为145题,删去老题10道,增考老题2道,加新题1道。Argument由之前的177题变为172题,加新题3道,删去老题8道。

  很多同学都很关(恐)心(惧)新题长什么样子,我们下面来看一看:

  issue 新题

  1. We learn our most valuable lessons in life from struggling with our limitations rather than from enjoying our successes.

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.

  argument 新题

  1. The following appeared in a newsletter published by the Appleton school district.

  "In a recent study more than 5,000 adolescents were asked how often they ate meals with their families. Almost 30 percent of the teens said they ate at least seven meals per week with their families. Furthermore, according to the same survey, teens who reported having the most family meals per week were also the ones least likely to have tried illegal drugs, tobacco, and alcohol. Family meals were also associated with lower rates of problems such as low grades in school, low self-esteem, and depression. We therefore recommend that families have as many meals together as possible. We predict that doing so will greatly benefit adolescents and turn troubled teens away from bad behaviors."

  Write a response in which you discuss which questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

  2. The following appeared in a health newsletter.

  "Nosinia is an herb that many users report to be as effective as prescription medications at fighting allergy symptoms. Researchers recently compared Nosinia to a placebo in 95 men and women with seasonal allergies to ragweed pollen. Participants in the study reported that neither Nosinia nor the placebo offered significant relief. However, for the most severe allergy symptoms, the researchers reported that Nosinia was more effective than the placebo in providing relief. Furthermore, at the end of the study, participants given Nosinia were more likely than participants given a placebo to report feeling healthier.We therefore recommend using Nosinia to help with your severe allergy symptoms.

  Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

  3. The following appeared on the Website Science News Today.

  "In a recent survey of more than 5,000 adolescents, the teens who reported eating the most meals with their families were the least likely to use illegal drugs, tobacco, or alcohol. Family meals were also associated with higher grades, better self-esteem, and lower rates of depression. Almost 30 percent of the teens said they ate at least seven meals per week with their families. Clearly, having a high number of family meals keeps teens from engaging in bad behaviors."

  Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.

  有同学可能会说:我只想知道怎么解啊喂! 恩,你老师会讲的…(谁扔的板砖!)

  篇幅有限,咱们就简单讲一下issue题目的一些大致的考虑思路。

  We learn our most valuable lessons in life from struggling with our limitations rather than from enjoying our successes.

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.

  简单观察我们不难发现,本题主要讨论的内容是在于我们如何吸取经验(这里learn lessons不是学习课程的意思)。我们通过对于自身的极限的挣扎,才能学到有价值的经验,而并非通过享受成功学到有价值的经验。 考虑这个问题的时候我们需要考虑清楚所谓的limitation是什么?

  在郑老师的理解,所谓的limitation就是个人知识和技能储备的边界和极限。就像中国古代寓言说的一样,夏虫不可语冰。人也不能想象没有经历、没有感受的东西。只有真正面对自己知识和技能边界带来的挑战,人才有最直接的动力,学习也有最直接的感受发现自己有很多不了解的东西。

  作为生活在文明世界里的人,我们享受技术进步给我们带来的便利,感受到法律和社会福利给我们提供的保护,抱怨并沉醉在经济体系给我们提供的富足生活。但是当我们来到野外,比如亚马逊丛林,我们在文明社会所认识到的大多数东西都被清零,我们不得不被迫面对自己的限制,并学会利用人身体本身的强健,和尊重自然。这些都不是仅仅几句“游泳健身,了解一下” 可以教给我们的,也不是简单的“保护环境人人有责”可以替代的。

  本题的要求是要求考生“应对与自己不同的观点” 。在形成一个基本的观点之后,考生可以从2个层面进行思考:

  1. 已有的观点是否足够成立;2. 已有观点的另一面(对立面)是否有合理之处。这样就可以基本满足题目的要求。比如,关于上面这个问题,我们从第二个层面:观点的另一方面,即我们从成功中学习经验,来进行考虑:

  我们需要通过成功来确定自己拥有的一些技能,想法,甚至是尝试的效果。如果失败,或者没有结果,那么我们很难确定我们所做的事情是对的。我们现今所掌握的大多数技能,都是从中收获过成功:我们写出第一篇文章,老师说我们写的不错,细小的成功确定了我们这样写作是对的;我们做出一道数学题,试卷上有一个标注正确的符号,这告诉我们我们这项运算是正确的;我们学习踢球,某个动作进球了,这个进球告诉我们我们的努力是有效的。成功会给我们带来喜悦,而喜悦会让我们更多的重复这种成功,最终这种成功会成为我们的经验和技能。

  本题从分类来说属于思想意识类的话题,就我们的教学经验来看,算是比较难的一类。本次题库调整,题目中也删去了一些所谓比较简单的教育类话题,而增加的3题(包括新题)都是较难的思想意识类话题:

  *根据不同的教师,题目分类可能不同

  给留小白的TIPS

  1.总地来说,教育和政府类仍然是主要的考试话题类别。

  2.GRE写作考试的很多话题,依旧和大家平时的学习和生活相关联。

  3.这种难题增加的倾向依然需要引起我们的重视,尤其是思想类考题的增加,很可能意味着ETS对考生批判性思维的要求加强。

  4.各位考生在平时练习中,也需要增加相应的练习次数和时间,比如多跟同学老师就话题进行讨论,观看相关话题的辩论赛,搜寻相关话题的材料编辑自己的语料库等等。


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