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GRE阅读真题在线练习附答案三十九

2018-05-18 16:53:00来源:网络

  为了帮助大家更好的提升GRE阅读分数,建议同学们在平时还是多进行真题的练习。这样有助于我们在整体上来提高阅读速度,把握阅读时间,熟练做题技巧等等。新东方在线托福网为大家带来了真题,供大家练习。

点击查看》》》【GRE阅读真题在线练习附答案汇总】

  Although pathogenic organisms constantly alight on the skin, they find it a very unfavorable environment and, in the absence of injury, have great difficulty colonizing it. This “self-sterilizing” capacity of the skin results from the tendency of all well-developed ecosystems toward homeostasis, or the maintenance of the status quo.

  Species that typically live in soil, water, and elsewhere rarely multiply on the skin. Undamaged skin is also unfavorable to most human pathogens. The skin is too acid and too arid for some species. The constant shedding of the surface skin layers further hinders the establishment of invaders. The most interesting defense mechanism, however, results from the metabolic activities of the resident flora. Unsaturated fatty acids, an important component of the lipids in sebum collected from the skin surface, inhibit the growth of several bacterial and fungal cutaneous pathogens. These acids are a metabolic product of certain gram-positive members of the cutaneous community, which break down the more complex lipids in freshly secreted sebum.

  The primary purpose of the passage is to

  A.Offer an analysis of metabolic processes

  B.detail the ways in which bacteria and fungi can be- inhibited

  C.Describe mechanisms by which the skin protects itself against pathogens

  D.Analyze the methods whereby biological systems maintain the status quo

  E.Provide a specific example of the skin’s basic defenses against pathogens

  The “resident flora” mentioned in line 11 refer to

  A.“Unsaturated fatty acids” (line 11)

  B.“sebum collected from the skin surface” (lines 12)

  C.“bacterial and fungal cutaneous pathogens” (lines 12-13)

  D.“certain gram-positive members of the cutaneous community” (lines 13 -14)

  E.“more complex lipids” (lines 15)

  The author presents her material in which of the following ways?

  A.Stating a problem and then supplying a solution

  B.Presenting a phenomenon and then analyzing reason font

  C.Providing information and then drawing a conclusion from it

  D.Making a general statement and then arguing by analogy

  E.Making an inference and then developing it by illustration

  正确答案:CDB

  以上就是关于“GRE阅读真题在线练习附答案三十九”的内容,更多精彩内容,请关注GRE频道!

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