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2018年4月14日GRE阅读考试内容回顾(网络版)

2018-04-16 09:11:51 来源:网络GRE资料下载

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  Passage 121

  Benjamin Franklin is portrayed in American history as the quintessential self-made man. In “Self-reliance”, Emerson asks, “Where is the master who could have instructed Franklin...?” In fact, Franklin took instruction widely, and his scientific work was highly collaborative. Friends in England sent equipment needed for his electrical experiments, others, in Philadelphia, helped him set up his workshop there. Philip Syng constructed a device for generating electrical charges, while Tomas Hopkinson demonstrated the potential of pointed conductors. Franklin, in addition to being the group’s theoretician, wrote and published its results. His fame as an individual researcher is partly a consequence of the shorthand by which when one person writes about a group’s discoveries, history sometimes grants singular credit for collective effort.

  1. Which of the following best describes the function of the highlighted sentence?

  A. It states a viewpoint about Franklin with which the author disagrees.

  B. It introduces new evidence about Franklin’s role in the collaborative process.

  C. It explains Franklin’s reputation in terms of a broad scholarly phenomenon.

  D. It emphasizes the extent to which Franklin relied on others in his workshop.

  E. It describes Franklin’s approach to writing scientific results.

  2. Emerson is mentioned in the passage primarily to

  A. identify the origin of a particular understanding of Franklin

  B. elaborate on a view of Franklin that the author takes issue with

  C. point to a controversial claim about Franklin’s historical legacy

  D. introduce the question of who Franklin’s main scientific influences were

  E. suggest that Franklin was resistant to collaboration with other scientists

  Passage 9

  An Irish newspaper editorial encouraging women to participate in the non-importation movement launched in Ireland in 1779 appears consistent with a perception that the political use of the consumer boycott originated in North America and spread eastwards across the Atlantic to Ireland. This is a view that most historians have concurred with. For example, T.H. Breen argued that the consumer boycott was a brilliantly original American invention. Breen did acknowledge that a few isolated boycotts may have taken place in other countries. However, Mary ODowd argues that from the late seventeenth century, Irish political discourse advocated for the nonconsumption of imported goods and support for home manufactures by women in ways that were strikingly similar to those used later in North America.

  1. The passage is primarily concerned with

  A. resolving a dispute

  B. advocating a course of action

  C. tracing the evolution of a practice

  D. citing competing views of an issue

  E. chronicling a series of events

  2. In the context of the passage, the highlighted sentence serves to

  A. qualify a point made in the preceding sentence

  B. correct an erroneous assumption

  C. provide evidence in support of a perception cited in the opening sentence

  D. provide a rationale for the view expressed in the following sentence

  E. establish the popularity of a point of view

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